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What Is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

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Infertility and Planned Parenthood

What is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)?

In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process by which eggs are retrieved from a woman’s ovaries and then fertilised with sperm outside the body. This is usually done in vitro, or in a laboratory. If successful, it leads to the creation of embryos that can be transferred to the woman’s uterus for implantation. IVF is one of the most common fertility treatments in the world and is often used when other forms of fertility treatment have not worked. The incidence of infertility is increasing. Many cases are diagnosed each year. The number of couples seeking fertility treatment has increased multifold in the past 20 years, and this trend is expected to continue. 

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Is In-Vitro-Fertilization the Answer for Infertility?

IVF is a method of assisted reproduction. It uses the techniques developed for fertilization and embryo transfer into the woman’s uterus where they can develop to full term. Fertilization occurs when a sperm cell and an egg cell unite, causing the egg to become ready for implantation.

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What are the benefits of IVF treatment: why do people get IVF?

IVF is an effective way to help couples who are unable to have children naturally. It is the most common treatment that doctors use for infertility. In the most basic terms, IVF involves removing an egg from each partner and fertilizing it in a laboratory. Doctors then perform tests to see which embryos are best suited for implantation into the woman’s womb, and transfer them back into her body. Some other benefits include :-

  • Improved Chances of Having a Healthy Baby
  • A Lower Risk of Miscarriage
  • Improved Chances of Conception
  • It can be used by almost any couple
  • You can use donated eggs and/or sperm
  • You have control over timing especially Patients who are focused on their careers
  • IVF works where other infertility treatments fail

IVF procedure steps: how is IVF done step by step?

Step 1: Starting treatment

Consultation with fertility expert doctor.

Step 2: Ovarian stimulation

Follicular stimulation using medications or using a procedure to grow the existing eggs in your ovaries.

Step 3: Egg retrieval and semen collection

Eggs and sperm are collected from the wife and husband.

Step 4: Fertilization (insemination) and embryo development

The samples are then sent to the laboratory where they are fertilized in a lab. Embryos are created from the fertilized eggs in a lab.

Step 5: Embryo Selection:

This is the embryo selection process to determine which embryos are the best fit for implantation into the uterus.

Step 6: Embryo transfer

The embryos are then transferred into the uterus of the wife. The fertilised embryo is implanted in the uterus. The wife has to wait for a period of time before she can know that she is pregnant.

Step 7: Pregnancy test

The wife will then start to show signs of being pregnant. She will begin to feel strange as her body begins to change.

Step 8: Foetal development and birth The baby is now growing in the uterus and the mother is waiting for the day that she can give birth.

Who needs IVF treatment?

A couple with unexplained infertility. They are eligible for IVF treatment because they have no known cause of infertility. They also have a compatible ovum and sperm donor. The woman has endometriosis and the man has azoospermia.

Preparation for IVF Treatment

Before you start your IVF journey, doctors recommend you to prepare your body for treatment. Some of the health tips given are as follows:-

  1. Eat a healthy, well balanced diet.
  2. Reduce or eliminate your caffeine intake.
  3. Start taking nutritional supplements, vitamins and minerals.
  4. Maintain a healthy weight.
  5. Stop smoking, drinking alcohol and recreational drugs.
  6. Avoid travel to any places that may put you at risk of exposure to infections, which might delay treatment.

 

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How long does IVF treatment take to get pregnant? How many rounds of IVF does it usually take to get pregnant?

One cycle of IVF takes about two months from consultation to transfer. Three IVF cycles is the most cost effective and clinically effective number of cycles for women under the age of 40.

The success rate of this treatment is around 50%. This means that out of every 100 women who have had IVF treatment, only 50 will be pregnant. 

Some couples think that IVF treatment is a very expensive procedure. But it is well worth the cost when you are faced with infertility. The average cost of an IVF cycle can be anywhere between Rs. 2.5 lakhs and Rs. 4 lakhs.

Is IVF the right choice for you?

There are multiple factors that can impact decision and success for IVF. You should consult the fertility expert to find out what is most suitable for you.

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