Before getting into Laparoscopy vs Hysteroscopy and how are they different, let’s first the meaning of Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy and how these procedures take place. Let’s first start with Laparoscopy. 

Laparoscopy: Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis using small incisions with the aid of a camera, the incisions are made in the naval region. To know more about Laparoscopy, visit our official website at ZiviaIVF

What happens in Laparoscopy?

The laparoscope aids diagnosis or therapeutic interventions with a few small cuts in the abdomen. Laparoscopy can also be referred to as MIS or Minimally Invasive Surgery. 

Hysteroscopy: Hysteroscopy is a surgery done using a hysteroscope (a thin, lighted tube that is inserted inside the vagina to check the cervix and inside of the uterus). 

What happens in Hysteroscopy?

The procedure aids in getting a closer look at the cervix and uterus and diagnosing the cause of the problem. The process is suggested when a woman has abnormal periods, i.e. either her periods are too heavy, or the length of her cycle is too long. If the doctor finds something abnormal, then she can take out a sample during the procedure and test it later.

Laparoscopy vs Hysteroscopy

Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are approaches taken while accessing infertility. These methods allow the fertility expert to view the systems and organs inside your pelvis and perform sure corrective processes. Laparoscopy is done to the exterior of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and different structures in the pelvis. Whereas Hysteroscopy is done to view the internal cavity of the uterus only, identify its abnormalities, and perform certain corrective approaches. 

Laparoscopy Procedure: 

Laparoscopy is usually accomplished on the basis of general anesthesia. After the affected person is under anesthesia, a telescope is located via the navel. Carbon dioxide gasoline is used to fill the abdomen, which pushes the belly wall away from the internal organs and decreases the danger of harm to surrounding organs together with the bowel, bladder, and blood vessels. Occasionally, the medical expert may use different areas for the insertion of the laparoscope primarily based upon the patient’s prior surgical or clinical records. These incisions are commonly small (normally less than 1 inch in period). While looking through the laparoscope, the doctor can see the reproductive organs along with the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. 

Which Conditions Leads to Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is performed in the following conditions, 

  • Ovarian cysts
  • Unexplained pelvic pain 
  • Idiopathic pregnancy
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Pelvic abscess
  • Ectopic pregnancy, and 
  • Reproductive cancers.

Risks related to Laparoscopy:

Following laparoscopy, you could feel certain pain and bruise on the incision area. The reason behind this pain may be because of the induced gas in the abdomen region. But this pain varies in line with the type and extent of the system. Generally, you are discharged on the same day of the operation day and can resume your activities in some days. And if want to know when you should consult a fertility expert, then read our blog on our official website. 

As with any procedure, laparoscopy may be associated with certain risks which consist of 

  • Contamination/infection 
  • Hematomas in the stomach wall
  • Skin inflammation and 
  • Seldom damage to internal organs and important blood vessels and nerves.

Hysteroscopy Procedure: 

Hysteroscopy often entails barely stretching the canal of the cervix with a chain of dilators to quickly increase the dimensions of the outlet. The hysteroscope (a long, skinny, lighted, telescope-like device) is inserted through the cervix and into the uterus. Skin incisions aren’t required for hysteroscopy. Carbon dioxide gasoline or a fluid including saline are then injected into the uterus thru the hysteroscope. This gasoline or fluid expands the uterine cavity and allows the medical doctor to directly view the inner structure of the uterus. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is an outpatient method that is performed in a health practitioner’s workplace or running room. It is frequently accomplished soon after menstruation has ended because the uterine cavity is greater without problems evaluated. To know more about Hysteroscopy, visit our official website at ZiviaIVF

Which Conditions Leads to Hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is useful to examine the uterine cavity and is performed in the following conditions, 

  • Access women infertility
  • Recurrent miscarriage
  • Uterine bleeding 
  • Fibroids sticking out into the uterine cavity, scarring, polyps, and 
  • Congenital malformations

Risks related to Hysteroscopy:

Hysteroscopy like other methods is rarely associated with sure complications which may additionally encompass 

  • Perforation of the uterus 
  • Headaches (Due to the fluid used to expand the uterus)
  • Bleeding
  • Damage to surrounding organs

Major Similarity between the Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy:

Both, hysteroscopy surgeons and laparoscopy surgeons make use of carbon dioxide to create space in between the organs to keep away from any rugging or harm to the inner organs by using rubbing with the walls of the hollow space.

Major Difference between the Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy:

The main difference between laparoscopy vs hysteroscopy is that laparoscopy is used to diagnose many gynecological problems which include uterine fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, adhesions, scar tissues, ectopic being pregnant, and other structural disorders at the same time as hysteroscopy is used to look in the hollow space and diagnose related problems. While laparoscopic surgical treatment is without a doubt benefitting in extraordinary methods for the patient, the procedure is extraordinarily tough for the laparoscopy health care provider in comparison to conventional, open surgical procedures.


Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy allow fertility specialists to diagnose and take corrective measures for several gynecologic problems on an outpatient basis. Patient healing time is brief and drastically much less than the recovery time from abdominal surgical procedures through larger incisions. Before undergoing laparoscopy or hysteroscopy, patients must discuss with their doctors the approaches and their dangers.

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