How IVF Helps Recoup Male Infertility

There is a 1:1 ratio of female versus male infertility. It implies that male infertility is as prevalent as female infertility, obstructing your conception goals. Early treatment ensures greater success in attaining pregnancy. Hence this blog discusses everything about male infertility and when to approach infertility treatment.

What is male infertility?

Male infertility is the lack of ability to produce healthy, motile sperm cells to fertilize eggs. These conditions indicate male infertility factor.

  • Low sperm count in semen
  • Non-motile sperm cells
  • Broken heads of sperm cells 

Symptoms of male infertility

Some symptoms associated with male infertility are:

  • Sexual dysfunction: less semen ejaculation
  • Loss of sexual desire
  • Unusual body and facial hair growth
  • Gynecomastia

Causes of male infertility

  • Varicoceles— swollen, irregular veins in testicles.
  • Poor sperm morphology— bad shape and size of sperm cells to fertilize the egg.
  • Chromosomal or genetic factors influencing sperm count or concentration sperms in semen.
  • Low sperm motility (sperm swimming power)— to swim up to a woman’s egg and permeate in it.
  • Unevenness in testosterone or some other hormones.
  • Sperm congestion in vas deferens (sperm ducts) that does not out in semen.
  • Cancer in male genitalia.
  • Cancer treatment affects male fertility.

When to approach male infertility treatment?

Typically, when the couple does not conceive with unprotected intercourse in two years, they should seek a fertility test. However, the male partner should approach male infertility treatments if:

  • Above 35
  • Erection or ejaculation problems
  • Low sex drive or sexual dysfunction
  • Pain or lump in the scrotum
  • A history of testicle, prostate cancer
  • Past surgery of the testicle, penis, or scrotum 

Tests for male infertility treatment 

The following tests are used to determine male infertility.

  • Test to check hormone levels. 
  • General health examination to enquire about any nutritional deficiency.
  • Semen assessment test evaluates sperm morphology, motility, quality, and sperm count.
  • Genetic test to examine chromosomal abnormality leading to male infertility factor.
  • Ultrasounds of male reproductive organs
  • Biopsy of male genitalia

Treatment options for male infertility

Male infertility treatments depend on the degree of infertility. Some male infertility treatments include

  •  Intrauterine insemination (IUI)- It is advanced infertility treatment. The semen is washed, sperms are concentrated, and healthy sperm cells are directly placed into the uterus with a swab. The manual placement of sperm in the uterus requires massive diligence and expertise from fertility experts.
  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)– The sperm retrieved by ejaculate or ICSI are used in fertilizing sperm with egg in the lab.
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)– If there are no sperms or very few sperms in the ejaculate, then ICSI treatment can be used. ICSI stands for Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, which is part of IVF treatment. In this, the sperm is directly injected with a microneedle into the egg for fertilization.
  • Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) / MTESE– TESA and MTESE are sperm retrieval processes with a microneedle called a pipette. The semen is extracted, aspirated, and then used for the IVF procedure. TESE is scheduled during the time of egg retrieval from the female partner.

Other treatments

  • Surgery–  if there are problems in the vas deferens, surgery can be recommended to correct that.
  • Medications– If sperm has morphological issues, the IVF expert will recommend medications to correct its morphology.
  • Hormone Therapy– Those males whose hormonal fluctuations cause a lack of libido (sex drive) or affect ejaculation are recommended hormone therapy.

Experts Suggestions

Our experts highly recommend you to adopt lifestyle improvements, manage weight, and quit harmful habits such as smoking and alcoholism that dwindles sperm count and affect your fertility because they can nullify the impact of infertility treatments.

Zivia IVF is one of the best infertility treatment centers in Jaipur. Our team uses a detailed diagnostic approach to identify the exact infertility causes and then provides customized infertility treatments to couples while maintaining all standards of confidentiality.

So, are you seeking male infertility treatment? Book an appointment with us and discuss your issues without hesitation.