IVF Process & Timeline
IVF Egg Retrieval Procedure
IVF egg retrieval procedure is the most important step in the IVF process. It’s where you’ll remove the eggs from the ovary. The eggs are retrieved through an ultrasound-guided aspiration procedure that uses a syringe to pull out the eggs. The doctor will then take care of the eggs, which could include washing them, freezing them, or moving them to another part of your body (such as your uterus).
After the egg retrieval procedure, it’s time for fertilization! You’ll go through a series of tests to see if you’re able to carry your own child. You may have some blood work done or ultrasounds before or after fertility treatment as well.
IVF Process Step by Step
In order to retrieve the eggs from the ovaries, a small needle is inserted into each follicle. The follicles are then washed with a special solution that removes the outer layer of cells. The follicles are then inspected for mature eggs and aspirated to collect them.
The eggs are removed from the follicles using a pipette and placed in a dish filled with liquid nitrogen. The eggs must be kept in liquid nitrogen for at least 24 hours before they can be used in IVF procedures:-
1. The patient will first take a pregnancy test to confirm ovulation, and then undergo an ultrasound to determine the size and number of follicles in the ovary.
2. If all of the follicles are mature, they will be aspirated with a needle that has been attached to a vacuum pump. This is done in the doctor’s office while the patient lies on her side at a comfortable distance from the ultrasound machine.
3. Once all of the follicles have been aspirated, they will be placed into a glass dish for later use as part of an ultrasound scan.
The egg retrieval procedure is a key step in the IVF process. It is used to remove the eggs from the woman’s ovaries, which are then fertilized by sperm in a process called fertilization.
The egg retrieval procedure starts when she receives a medication injection that causes her ovaries to release their eggs. These eggs are then removed from their sacs using ultrasound guidance.
If there are no follicles on the ovaries, or if they are too small for ultrasound guidance to work well, then she will have an egg retrieval procedure where she is given another medicine injection that causes her body to swell with fluid and expand around the eggs, making them easier to remove. This procedure is called aspiration.
After aspiration, the doctor will use ultrasound guidance to remove any remaining follicles and retrieve the eggs so they can be fertilized in the lab.
The initials IVF procedure stand for in vitro fertilization, with “in vitro” being Latin for “in glass” – a reference to the glass test tubes used in the laboratory. This is where the phrase ‘test tube baby’, often used in the media, stems from.
In Vitro Fertilization, in simple language, is growing, collecting, and combining eggs with sperm in the laboratory to create embryos to be transferred to a woman’s womb.
IVF treatment – in summary – involves the administration of fertility drugs to stimulate your ovaries to produce a number of eggs and then, using a minor surgical procedure, we collect your eggs and place them in a culture dish (rather than a test tube) with prepared sperm, for fertilization.
One or two of the resulting embryos can then be transferred to your womb, and any suitable embryos not used in this cycle can be frozen for you to use in the future.
Here is a pictorial explanation of the entire IVF process that is done in our centre and with the help of our fertility experts.