Assisted reproductive technology (ART) refers to fertility techniques and therapies that can aid in difficult or unsuccessful childbearing. ART procedures alter the eggs, sperm, or embryos to improve the chances of a successful pregnancy.
Types of assisted reproductive technology
Various types of assisted reproductive technology use various methods and reproductive cells. Depending on the situation, a doctor can advise which ART will be most appropriate.
In vitro fertilization (IVF)
In IVF, eggs are removed by a doctor and fertilized in a specialized lab. Then, to transfer the resulting embryos into a person’s uterus, specialists can combine this with an embryo transfer (IVF-ET). According to several studies, IVF-ET treatments make up about 99% of ART procedures.
Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)
FET has grown in popularity across the globe. It entails introducing thawed, previously IVF-frozen embryos into a woman’s uterus. According to a study, about 52% of people who underwent FET conceived successfully.
Experts suggest that FET is equally safe as utilizing fresh embryos for therapy. There is, however, some evidence that FET may raise the risk of preterm birth. In addition, not all frozen embryos make it through the thawing-out process, which is another potential FET risk.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Specialists can use intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in conjunction with IVF to help fertilize an egg. A single sperm is directly injected into the centre of an egg by an embryologist, also known as an embryo specialist, using a very small needle. About 50 to 80 percent of eggs are fertilized using ICSI. ICSI has a success rate comparable to that of IVF, and it may be a useful ART technique for those with sperm-related infertility. However, ICSI will cost more than IVF alone because it is often an add-on procedure to IVF.
Advantages of assisted reproductive technology
Couples struggling with infertility must understand the importance of assisted reproductive technology and the advantages that come with it. Here are some ways assisted reproductive technology can significantly raise a couple’s chances of successful pregnancy and delivery.
- Where other infertility therapies fall short, assisted reproductive technology succeeds. Before reaching the IVF “station,” individuals may undergo various reproductive therapies, such as intrauterine insemination, fertility medicines, and more.
- Anyone can make use of it. In-vitro fertilization can be used by gestational or surrogate carriers in addition to the baby’s mother, allowing a wider spectrum of people to become parents and participate in the pregnancy and birth process.
- Timing is something you can control. IVF is advantageous to patients since it gives them more overall control, especially those who are career-focused or may have a certain life circumstance that influences the time they want their baby to be born. Cryopreserved eggs or embryos can be used in the future.
- ART reduces your risk of miscarriage. A genetic anomaly is the most frequent reason for miscarriage since it naturally prompts the body to end the pregnancy. Mothers have a better chance of enjoying a healthy pregnancy and carrying the baby to term by using PGT to assess the genetic viability of an embryo beforehand.
Why choose Zivia IVF for expert consultation?
Zivia IVF is steered by renowned doctors and qualified professionals in the domain of fertility treatment with experience of over 30 years. They are located in Jaipur, India, and have helped several couples achieve blissful parenthood. Book a consultation with Zivia IVF today.