How Is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Treated?
PCOD is a common female health condition that can cause infertility.
PCOD and PCOD are used interchangeably however there are certain differences in this. However, for the scope of this article, we will discuss options for both conditions. PCOD is a debilitating infertility condition that affects up to one-third of all couples trying to conceive. There are a few different PCOD treatment options available, including medical and natural home remedies. While there are many treatments available, none are 100% effective. One option is assisted reproductive technologies (ART), including in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this article, we will discuss some treatment options for PCOD management.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) / Polycystic ovary disease (PCOD)
This is one if the most common endocrine disorder in women. This condition results in a disturbance of reproductive and metabolic functions. PCOD is a group of disorders characterized by the presence of multiple ovarian cysts. It is also known as polycystic ovary. There are two types of PCOD, primary and secondary. Primary PCOD occurs before menarche (the first menstrual period).
Management of PCOD: what to manage in PCOD?
PCOD produces various symptoms. Among these symptoms, few are critical for women from a quality of life perspective.
So, what are the symptoms of PCOD? PCOD Symptoms could be Physical symptoms or Psychological symptoms. It is associated with hyperandrogenism, a condition in which excess testosterone is produced by the body.
- Weight gain
- Ovulation issues
- menstrual dysfunction / irregular periods / menstrual irregularities
- androgen-related symptoms
- thinning hair
- insulin resistance
- Anxiety, depression, and mood swings
What’s the Treatment for PCOD?
The treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. Treatment is aimed at restoring the hormonal function to normal levels. Some patients may require a combination of different treatments.
Lifestyle and home remedies
The most obvious recommendation is lifestyle modification. Maintain a healthy weight by diet and exercise.
Diet and exercise
Limit carbohydrates. Take balanced carbohydrate and protein intake. Include Anti-inflammatory foods. Consider soy products in regular meals.
Weight loss Diet and exercise address the excessive amount of fat in the body by restricting calorie intake and increasing physical activity.
Be active physically and do regular exercise. Reduce stress. Avoid excessive stress and avoid exhaustion during the day. Reduce caffeine intake, alcohol, and smoking. Reduce intake of trans fats. Exercise regularly. Regular exercise significantly reduces the risk of insulin resistance, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Reduce sugar and refined carbohydrates in the diet.
This can be done by practicing good sleep hygiene.
Adequate nutrition intake like Vitamin D, iron intake, magnesium, and fiber. Supplements can be taken under a doctor’s supervision.
Reduce coffee intake.
The treatment for PCOD is mainly divided into two parts: Clomiphene citrate which is a synthetic version of the natural substance, and Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRH agonists). Hormonal therapy – Treats PCOS by reducing the levels of excess testosterone.
Surgical PCOD Treatment can be done for a specific situation based on patient health including treatments like Ovarian Cystectomy, Laparoscopic Ovarian Surgery, Laparoscopic Tubal Occlusion Laparoscopy. This is not required for every patient.
In vitro fertilization, or IVF for PCOD Some patients with PCOD may have fertility issues due to the poor quality of the eggs. In this case, IVF is recommended. IVF involves the use of donor eggs and sperm in order to create embryos that can be implanted into a woman’s uterus. The fertilized egg is then implanted into the womb and allowed to develop. If a woman is able to carry the pregnancy, the embryo will develop into a baby. PCOD patients can use IVF if they are infertile because of poor quality eggs or health problems that prevent the implantation of embryos.
At Zivia IVF many women with PCOD had undergone treatment for infertility due to PCOD. Their treatments have been shown to be successful in helping women with PCOD conceive. If you also planning for pregnancy and facing infertility due to PCOD then get in touch with our fertility expert doctors to know more about treatment options for you.